Ayutthaya is surrounded by three romantic rivers: Chao Phraya, Lop Buri and Pasak. It was recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1991. Considered as Hue – the ancient capital of Vietnam, Ayuthaya marked golden period of the capital lasted more than 400 years from the middle of the 14th century to the second half of the 18th century.
Ancient Aytthaya was first reigned under the King U Thong. In 1767, after seven dynasties ruled by 33 kings, the entire Ayutthaya capital was invaded and destroyed by the Burma Army (formerly Burma). When gaining the independence, the king moved the capital to Bangkok. Since that time, the site of Ayutthaya has become desolate.
How to get there
Ther are some ways to get to Ayutthaya from Bangkok
- Rent a taxi or buy a tour of the hotel where you stay
- Departure from Hua Lamphong train station. The ticket price is about 20,000 VND. It will take about 2 hours to get there. After getting to Ayutthaya, rent tuk tuk to go to this cluster. The price is about 400,000 dong.
- Take BTS, Tuk Tuk or Taxi to Mochit station then take the bus to Ayutthaya. The bus runs every 30 minutes.
- – Departure from Victory Monument. There are many minivans to Ayutthaya from here. The minivan run every 20 minutes.
If you go in a group of 3-4 people, you can rent a private taxi to Ayutthaya for around 800,000 VND to 1 million VND. It is very tiring if travelling by bus or train in the hot weather.
Outside of Ayutthaya Station, there are a lot of colorful tuk-tuks parking along the road. At a price of 500 Thai Baht (340 thousand Vietnamese Dong), you can go around the temple ruins here.
What to see
Yai Chaimongkhon temple is the most popular destination here. The temple is a large architectural complex of monasteries, tombs and pagodas. It was built to commemorate King Naresuan’s victory over foreign invaders in 1592. The temple features 60 meter tower which is built on a high platform with two small towers on both sides and two giant statues of the Buddha in the tree for hundreds of years.
The next destination to visit is Wat Thammikarat. This monastery was built by Thammikarat, the son of Sai Yin Phung, in octagonal shape and surrounded by 50 lions of brick and mortar in the Sukhothai and Bayon style. In addition, on the campus of the monastery there is also a giant Buddha statue made of bronze on the lotus throne.
In Ayutthaya, there are three palaces. The most prominent of which is the Grand Palace. Chan Kasem Palace and Wang Lang are located in the west of the city. The imperial palace consists of six buildings that are home to all the kings and queens of the Ayutthaya dynasty. In the royal palace, there are three Ceylonese towers (Sri Lanka), which held the sacred ashes of the three rulers of Ayutthaya during the Ayutthaya period.
There is also a special temple – Wat Phra Si Sanphe because there is no Buddhist monk here. It was built in the 14th century. The monks were invited only when necessary during the coronation ceremony and other important royal rituals. Since the area is quite large and interesting, there is an elephant travel service for tourists. Just spend 200 baht / person / hour, you can sit idly on the elephant’s back and walk around the palaces and temples.
In Ayutthaya there are temples with very difficult names such as Wat Choeng Thar, Wat Suwandararam, Wat Phra Ram, Wat Mahathat, Wat Phra Mongkhon Bophit, Wat Phutthaisawan, Wat Pra Sri Sanphet, Wat Worachettharam, Wat Lokaya Suttha, Wat Yai Chaimongkhon, Wat Chaiwatthanaram …
Wat Lokaya Sutha is home to a huge statue of Buddha sitting on a lotus, facing the East and feet stacked against each other with balanced toes. The statue was covered with a bright yellow casserole. It is 8 meter high and 30 meter long which is made of cement. Thai people believe that they will be protected by the Buddha if they stick leaves on the Buddha statue.
After visting the temples and statues, you can rent a taxi to get to the Ayutthaya Klong Sabua Floating Market for lunch. This market is very wide,. The food here is very delicious.
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